The original purpose of WPBA tools was to assess observed performance in order to provide structured feedback. However, in practice, excessive emphasis has been placed on the appraisal element, which has been at the expense of the provision of feedback.
In order to address this, individual assessments tools are now categorised as either:
- for the purpose of feedback provision only (assessments for learning)
- for the demonstration of competence in a given clinical situation (assessments of learning).
This categorisation makes it simple for both trainers and trainees to understand the exact purpose of an assessment encounter.
- Assessments for learning
- Provide documented feedback for trainees.
Formative assessments are known formally as Supervised Learning Events (SLEs).
- Assessments of learning
- Allow trainees to demonstrate competence in an observed procedure.
Summative assessments are known formally as Assessments of Performance (AoP).
In each case, the context and personnel might be the same, but the purpose of the encounter is different.
REMEMBER: the purpose of the encounter must be understood and agreed by both trainer and trainee before undertaking the assessment.