Endoscopy was first pioneered by German scientist, Philipp Bozzini, in 1805. Other notable dates include:
- 1869: Pantaleoni performed the first hysteroscopy, diagnosing an endometrial polyp with the aid of an endoscope. He cauterised it with silver nitrate
- 1879: Nitze developed a second generation of endoscope. Nitze constructed a cystoscope with a lens system and a light source inside the endoscopic tube
- 1950: Hyskon (Dextran 70) was introduced in to hysteroscopy
- 1970s: Hans Lindemann introduced CO2 hysteroscopy, which marked the beginning of modern hysteroscopy.