Labels such as ethnic minority, Black minority ethnicity (BME) or Black, Asian and minority ethnicity (BAME), Black, Indigenous and persons of colour (BIPOC) attempt to homogeneous heterogeneous groups of individuals who do not necessarily identify with each other.
Individuals are minoritised by others, and do not naturally exist as a minority. Therefore, terms such as 'BAME' and 'BME' are social constructs which mask underlying power dynamics between groups. Such categorisation centres on whiteness, and is rooted in historical events of slavery and colonialisation.
These current classifications mask inequalities, and make data interpretation and policy change challenging.