Discrimination is treating someone unfairly because of their characteristics. The UK Equality Act (2010) protects against such discrimination.
There are several types of discrimination. The main types are:
Direct discrimination: This occurs where a person is treated differently because they have protected characteristics like sex, gender, age or race.
Indirect discrimination: This form of discrimination is not as obvious and can be unintentional. It could happen when an organisation has a policy, requirement or practice that appears to apply to all, but its effect in practice disadvantages a particular group of people with a protected characteristic.
Harrassment: This is an unwanted form of behaviour or conduct relating to one or more of the protected characteristics. It creates an intimidating, degrading, hostile or offensive environment for the person receiving it. The conduct has the deliberate effect and purpose of violating a person’s dignity.
Victimisation: It happens when someone is subjected to detrimental behaviour because they have or are suspected of reporting a case of discrimination. This is regardless of whether or not they possess a protected characteristic. It also could occur if someone gave evidence in a discrimination complaint, or those who have grievances concerning this issue.