Novel coronavirus (SARS-COV-2) is a new strain of coronavirus causing COVID-19, first identified in Wuhan City, China. Other coronavirus infections include the common cold (HCoV 229E, NL63, OC43 and HKU1), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
The virus appears to have originated in Hubei Province in China towards the end of 2019. As of 9 April 2020, Italy and Spain were the most affected countries in Europe. Around 1.5 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported globally (in accordance with the testing strategies and definitions used in the affected countries), including approximately 90 000 deaths.
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. COVID-19 Virus Infection and Pregnancy. Occupational Health Advice for Employers and Pregnant Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic. London: RCOG; March 2020.
Zeng L, Xia S, Yuan W, Yan K, Xiao F, Shao J, et al. Research letter. Neonatal early-onset infection with SARS-CoV-2 in 33 neonates born to mothers with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. JAMA Pediatr March 26 2020.