The section on parasitical infections contains information on toxoplasma and malaria.
|Parasitical infection||Aetiology||Implications in pregnancy||Diagnostic test|
|Toxoplasma||Toxoplasma gondii||Miscarriage, ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, chorioretinitis, hydrocephaly, brain tissue calcification and severe neonatal disease. (Complications include learning difficulties and ocular disease)||Serological tests for specific antibodies. Detailed ultrasound examination, parasitological culture of amniotic fluid, molecular studies on amniotic fluid|
|Malaria||P. falciparum||Serious risk to the mother. Effects on the fetus include: fetal heart rate abnormalities, prematurity, fetal distress and low birthweight||Microscopic diagnosis|